Category: Blog

International negotiations for a treaty on plastic polutio

sssxxxxxx rascunho

Assunto: INC Plásticos

Título sugerido: A negociação internacional sobre redução da poluição por plásticos
CAT: Atividades (escolher 1 categoria do menu – programas/projetos; atividades, biblioteca, sobre nós; colabore, etc)


Postagem: Descrever quando foi decidido ter um acordo , qual o prazo , INC 1 e INC 2, Links da negociação . Mencionar participação de Toxisphera em iNC 1 e INC 2



Launching : Citizens’ Alliance for a Latin America Toxic-free Environment

Launching of Citizens’ Alliance for a Latin America Toxic-free Environment


Civil society organizations from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay launched the Citizens’ Alliance for a Latin America Toxic-free Environment, on the occasion of the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Meeting for the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), taking place in Montevideo (Uruguay) from May 6-7, 2022.  With the objective of protecting the environment and public health in Latin America, the Alliance wants to intensify the commitment of civil society in the democratic governance of SAICM and its implementation in the region.

The Alliance’s founding organizations, Taller Ecologista (Argentina), Associação Toxisphera (Brazil) and Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios sobre el Desarrollo – CIEDUR (Uruguay) have also published reports on the policies, institutional arrangements and challenges related to SAICM in their countries and in the region, and present some recommendations for overcoming obstacles and gaps in the implementation of integrated and environmentally sound chemicals management.   The national and regional reports, results of the research conducted in 2021, are available in several languages.

Learn more and read the reports on:


Facebook: @Aliança Cidadã / Alianza Ciudadana


Regional and national reports on SAICM related policies

   Report (Briefings) on SAICM-related policies, institutional arrangements and challenges in their countries and in the region, with some recommendations to overcome the obstacles and gaps in implementing integrated and environmentally sound management of chemicals.

The national and regional reports, results of the 2021 survey, are available in several languages.

Regional Report

Report: Brazil

Report: Uruguay

Report: Argentina

White Paper for a Global Minimum Transparency Standard (GMTS) for hazardous chemicals in products

White Paper for a Global Minimum Transparency Standard (GMTS) for hazardous chemicals in products

This white paper presents the case for a global standard requiring disclosure of hazardous chemicals used in a product in international trade. Intended as a thought-starter, it explains why a transparency standard is necessary to protect human and environmental health and how it would form an essential foundation for a safe circular economy and assist countries in adding information to their national health registries. The paper identifies some of the issues that might arise in designing and implementing a global transparency standard, and it makes suggestions for how to address those issues.

Related link:


White paper for Global Transparency Standard



This report seeks to inform the public of the environmental and public health problems involved in the use of sulfluramid, a substance that degrades into PFOS in the environment. PFOS is one of the most persistent and dangerous industrial chemicals. The report illustrates the lack of control over its use, points out the economic interests involved in its sale, gives examples of alternatives, and explains how it is marketed and used in Latin America, disregarding human rights and various principles, such as the Precautionary Principle.

Documents in Portuguese and Spanish  ipen-sulfuramide_portugues-factsheet-v1_10a-pt_copia



After the publication of the study on Lead in Paints in Brazil, APROMAC and TOXISPHERA pressured the Federal Prosecutor’s Office for years to take legal action aimed at regulating Federal Law No. 11762 of 2008.  The regulation was necessary to point out the authority responsible for implementing the supervision of the use of lead in real estate and children’s paints. Only in 2018 was Decree 9315 published that appointed INMETRO – National Institute of Metrology, Quality and Technology as the responsible authority for the regulation and supervision of the provisions of Federal Law 11.762 of 2008 and the cited Decree.

(Portuguese version only)


Lead in paints in Brazil

Lead in paints in Brazil

In 2009, the NGO APROMAC – Association for Environmental Protection of Cianorte, Paraná, collected samples of paints of various brands and colors sold in Brazil to analyze the presence of lead. According to the report, several samples of Brazilian paints contain lead levels well above 600 parts per million (ppm), which is the maximum limit allowed by law 11.762/2008. The yellow enamel paint of the Renner brand was the sample that presented the most lead in its composition: more than 170,000 ppm of lead, that is, almost 300 times above the allowed limit. The red enamel samples of the brandsSuvinil and Dakar contained, respectively, 20,957 ppm and 19,080 ppm of lead. Suvinil’s yellow enamel and Dakar’s orange enamel had 66,125 ppm and 60,713 ppm, respectively. The enamel samples from Coral (Coralit) and Sherwin Williams (Novacor) had lead contents varying between 53 and 0 (zero) ppm. All samples were analyzed by the Indian laboratory Delhi Test House, certified by the National Board of Certification for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL), according to the Standard Operating Procedures for Lead in Paint PB92-114172 (1991) and SW846-740 (2001) of the U.S. Environmental Agency (EPA).
(Portuguese version only)


Motion submitted to CONAMA: demands a National Mercury Policy

MOTION 085/2007 – CONAMA (NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL) demands a National Mercury Policy for Brazil

Motion submitted by the NGO APROMAC – Association for the Protection of the Environment of Cianorte (Paraná), approved in 2007. This motion demands a National Mercury Policy for Brazil, which includes several measures to control mercury.  Currently, of the demands contained in the motion, practically none of them have been met by the Brazilian state.

(Portuguese version only)



Emissões Atmosfericas - Relatório Toxisphera

This report is the result of the partnership project (2012) between Toxisphera Environmental Health Association, EcologistasenAcción and Zero Mercury Working Group (ZMWG), with the collaboration of the University of Castilla la Mancha (Almadén, Ciudad Real, Spain). Measurements were made by EcologistasenAcción and the Spanish university, data analysis was done in the Heavy Metal Biogeochemistry Laboratory of the Almadén Polytechnic School of the University Castilla la Mancha, and interpretation of the results was carried out by EcologistasenAcción and the University Castilla la Mancha.

This report was prepared by Toxisphera and ACPO, and briefly describes the sources of mercury emissions into the atmosphere, the health risk from human exposure to this heavy metal, and the methodology of atmospheric mercury emission measurements taken around four large chlor-alkali factories located in Brazil that still use mercury electrolytic cells in their industrial process.  The document also deepens the discussion on the socio-environmental implications of chlor-alkali production.



Mercury Toxic Time bomb


In February 2007, governments agreed to establish an ad hoc working group to study voluntary actions to reduce mercury pollution and international legal instruments. It was recognized that without coordinated international agreements, and adequate financial assistance to address trade, use and environmental impacts, the global mercury crisis would not be addressed. Thus, the global negotiation to build an international treaty based on cooperation among countries was begun. This report was originally prepared for the 22nd Meeting of the United Nations Environment Programme in Nairobi, Kenya.

Original publication available at :

Relatório Mercúrio TIME BOMB_ACPO